The Mutual Escalation Regarding the Nuclear File The Predominant Balances in the Course of the Crisis Between the United States and Iran

ByMahmoud Hamdy Abo El-Kasem

A year after the US pullout from the nuclear  agreement, US-Iranian relations escalated  bringing the crisis between the two countries to a crucial  and complex stage. The nuclear file, which is at the core of the crisis, witnessed a mutual escalation during the first week of May 2019. On May 3, 2019, US Assistant Secretary of State Christopher Ford announced in an official statement the end of the extension of the nuclear exemptions, which were among the terms of the nuclear agreement  between Iran and the P5 + 1 countries.

Following a  decision by  the Iranian National Security Council, the Iranian President Hassan Rouhani announced on May 8 the reduction of  some of Iran’s commitments prescribed under  the nuclear agreement in response to the US escalation since its withdrawal from the nuclear agreement in May 2018. However, this agreement ended a year after the restoration of all non-nuclear sanctions. Within weeks of the US withdrawal from the agreement, there was unprecedented escalation which included designating the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) as a terrorist organization, ending  the exemptions on oil exports, and imposing nuclear restrictions on the export of uranium and heavy water. Meanwhile, the other signatories have not fulfilled their pledges in order to maintain the  agreement.

Mahmoud Hamdy Abo El-Kasem
Mahmoud Hamdy Abo El-Kasem
Managing Editor of JIS