The future movement of ethnic and religious minorities in Iran in the light of regional and international changes


Karim Abdian (Ph.D.)

The modern Iranian nation-state dates back to the early sixteenth century AD, specifically to the establishment of the Safavid state by Shah Ismail Safavid in 1501. The state at that time was not based on nationality, but was composed of different regions and ethnic groups that were heterogeneous, independent of each other, and lived without any organic association.

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Editorial Team